Western culture is overwhelmed with the IQ test as the ultimate reference to one’s intelligence. However, this has become narrow minded as according to psychologist Howard Gardnereach person has not only one measure of intelligence but nine of them.
An established group of intellectuals claim that intelligence is divided into nine subgroups:
- Logical (Mathematical)
- Bodily (Kinesthetic)
In Life Hacker, Howard Garner,author of Frames of Mind: The Theory of Multiple Intelligencesexplains that single intelligence isa result of a “single entity that was inherited”, and as well learned. Each level of the nine subgroups that an individual has is separate and independent of each other. He said: “Each intelligence has its own strengths and constraints; that the mind is far from unencumbered at birth.”
Even though Gardner’s idea was not widely backed up by scientists, many teachers and educators comply to the fact that intelligence cannot be a single entity as each child learns and thinks completely in a different way.
On the other hand, a 2015 study released in online journal Nature Neuroscience, revealed two gene clusters, M1 and M3 as intelligence is considered to be genetic. M1 and M3 may be in charge of the cognitive intelligence linked to the memory, processing speed, attention, executive functions and reasoning.
Another study published earlier this summer suggested that common laziness might be a sign of increased intelligence. For instance, persons who are not inclined to deep thinking are more likely to become bored if they just sit in one spot which eventually will lead them towards sports or other physical activities.
Funders and Founders designer and author Marc Vitalhave outlined Garner’s nine types of intelligence in an infographic portraying all areas of intelligence.