For one reason or another, we have all suffered from fever. It is considered a natural defense against various attacks on the body, but a fever that exceeds 101° F and lasts for certain time can be very hazardous to the health and cause irreversible damage. Here are the main causes of this high temperature and how to lower it.
What causes fever?
We can only talk about fever if the body temperature exceeds 101° F, caused without any strenuous activity.
It is usually caused by the presence of pathogenic foreign material within the body and raise of temperature means that it is trying to neutralize the effect. It may be accompanied by other symptoms, such as nausea, fatigue, dehydration, generalized muscle pain, headache, chills, etc.
It can be detected by measuring the rectal temperature or the auxiliary temperature. The first is done by inserting a thermometer into the rectum (anus) and the second, placing it under the tongue or armpit. However, be aware that the rectal temperature is generally greater than 0.5° F to 1° F, compared to other places.
Fever may occur in the following cases:
- Infection (urinary, renal, gastrointestinal, etc.)
- ENT disease (angina, sinusitis, laryngitis, rhinitis, etc.)
- Food poisoning
- Autoimmune and inflammatory diseases
- Inflammation of a wound or a burn
- Taking certain drugs (eg vaccines)
But sometimes the temperature can rise for no apparent reason. If it persists longer than three days and if it does not decline following a medical treatment or it reaches 104° F, you must urgently consult a doctor in order to avoid possible complications, such as seizures that may occur in babies between 18 and 24 months and brain or organ damage in adults.
What to do in case of fever?
When the temperature is not too high or persistent, it is safe for the health. The temperature returns to normal levels by treating the disease or looking after the infection that caused the fever. But this does not prevent the adoption of some treatments that would help to lower the temperature and thus reduce the discomfort for which it may be responsible.
It is therefore recommended:
- Drink lots of water and fruit juices rich in vitamin C, to prevent dehydration and strengthen the immune system
- Apply cold compresses or rose water on the forehead
- Lower the temperature of the patient’s room for a few degrees
- Sit or lie and avoid physical exertion
- Take a warm bath (not hot or cold) to cool without trembling
Here are some grandmother’s tips to lower the temperature
Wash one or two potatoes and grate them, without peeling. Apply this paste on the soles of your feet, and then put your socks on. The potato will absorb the temperature and improve your condition.
Wash an onion, peel it and cut it into slices. Then place it under the feet and put your socks on. The onion has the ability to absorb toxins and bacteria from your body; which will help to lower your fever and feel better.
Dip your cotton socks in vinegar, then put them on. Then put on top dry wool socks and go to bed. This trick can help to quickly absorb the heat from the body and so reduce the fever.